The meeting "Examining the capacities of international law to deal with blasphemy" with the presence of a group of senior experts of institute and with the speech of Dr. Fereydoon Jafari, Dr. Mohsen Ghanei and Hojatul Islam Mohammad Saeed Bahmanpour on July 31, 2023 at the Institute for Political and International Studies of Ministry of Foreign Affairs was held.
Considering the increase and expansion of the wave of Islamophobia and the hurting of the feelings of two billion Muslims around the world, it is necessary to discuss ways to deal with it, to use the mechanisms of human rights and international law, including holding domestic and international conferences in Islamic countries and worldwide.
In general, reactions to such events can be defined in five cultural, political, social, economic and legal dimensions at both national and international levels. Due to the importance of the issue, the following four axes were studied and analyzed, and at the end, the participants offered suggestions and solutions:
- Does international law (including international customary and treaty mechanisms such as the United Nations Charter, judicial procedure, international courts, doctrine and legal scholars) recognize the contexts and conditions that can limit freedom of expression?
- Blasphemy can be discussed and investigated under what title, including violence, apartheid or racial discrimination?
- What is the responsibility of governments in committing such heinous acts?
- How can the precedence of domestic obligations over international laws be interpreted?